If you are working with source control repositories in GitHub or Azure DevOps, or somewhere similar you may want to check the status of your local repository, is there anything still to be committed upstream or is there any changes that haven't been tracked before you start working with the repository again.
There is a Git command that can help with that.
Git status is a command that can be used to display the differences between the index file of your repository and the working directory. Git status can show you the following:
- There is no commit history
- There are untracked files
- There are changes to be committed
- The working tree is clean
- Files have been modified
- Files have been deleted
How to use
So how do you use this and what does it look like.
If you pull up your terminal tool of choice, mine is Windows Terminal. When I am in the folder of one of my GitHub repositories I can run the git status command and get an overview of what's happening with my repository.
As you can see from the screenshot I have some new files in my local repository that are not yet committed. Git status tells me exactly what the files are and where they are.
If I run a git commit to the repository and then run a git status you can see from the screenshot how things have now changed.
Making changes and new files
If I make changes to a file and add new files what will git status show me?
I get information about changes that have not been staged or committed or untracked files.
Git Status Shortened
By default when you run git status you get a verbose output, but you can get a shortened version if you prefer that.
git status -s
By adding the -s switch you get a much shorted output. If I run it on the repository with the changed file and new file I get a much different output than with the default command.
I get an M next to the newfile.md showing me it's been modified but not staged or committed. I also get question marks next to the file that is untracked at the moment.
Why use Git status?
So really why should you use Git status? You can use it to check what files have changed, that you aren't about to commit anything you don't or shouldn't want committed and lastly you want to use it to check your not blindly just committing changes without really understanding what your committing.
Let me know if you have any stories of using Git Status, good or bad. 👍